Chap-XVII-Verse-11-13


VERSE 11
अफलाकाङ्क्षिभिर्यज्ञो विधिदृष्टो य इज्यते।
यष्टव्यमेवेति मनः समाधाय स सात्त्विकः॥

aphalakanksibhir yajno
vidhi-disto ya ijyate
yastavyam eveti manah
samadhaya sa sattvikah

SYNONYMS
aphala-kāñkṣibhiḥ—devoid of desire for result; yajñaḥ—sacrifice; vidhi—accordingly; dṛṣtaḥ—direction; yaḥ—anyone; ijyate—performs; yaṣṭavyam—must be performed; eva—certainly; iti—thus; manaḥ—mind; samādhāya—fixed in; saḥ—he; sāttvikaḥ—is in the mode of goodness.

TRANSLATION
Of sacrifices, that sacrifice performed according to duty and to scriptural rules, and with no expectation of reward, is of the nature of goodness.


VERSE 12
अभिसन्धाय तु फलं दम्भार्थमपि चैव यत्‌।
इज्यते भरतश्रेष्ठ तं यज्ञं विद्धि राजसम्‌॥

abhisandhaya tu phalam
dambhartham api caiva yat
ijyate bharata-srestha
tam yajnam viddhi rajasam

SYNONYMS
abhisandhāya—desiring; tu—but; phalam—the result; dambha—pride; artham—material benefits; api—also; ca—and; eva—certainly; yat—that which; ijyate—worship; bharata-śreṣṭha—O chief of the Bhāratas; tam—that; yajñam—sacrifice; viddhi—know; rājasam—in the mode of passion.

TRANSLATION
But that sacrifice performed for some material end or benefit or performed ostentatiously, out of pride, is of the nature of passion, O chief of the Bhāratas.


VERSE 13
विधिहीनमसृष्टान्नं मन्त्रहीनमदक्षिणम्‌।
श्रद्धाविरहितं यज्ञं तामसं परिचक्षते॥

vidhi-hinam asrstannam
mantra-hinam adaksinam
sraddha-virahitam yajnam
tamasam paricaksate

SYNONYMS
vidhi-hīnam—without scriptural direction; asṛṣṭa-annam—without distribution of prasādam; mantra-hīnam—with no chanting of the Vedic hymns; adakṣiṇam—with no remunerations to the priests; śraddhā—faith; virahitam—without; yajñam—sacrifice; tāmasam—in the mode of ignorance; paricakṣate—is to be considered.

TRANSLATION
And that sacrifice performed in defiance of scriptural injunctions, in which no spiritual food is distributed, no hymns are chanted and no remunerations are made to the priests, and which is faithless-that sacrifice is of the nature of ignorance.

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